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Tag Archives: Bauhaus

The early 20th century, artists started to use the ‘new’ in a new sense. Something independently devoted to invention new. Artists qualified themselves unsuccesfull bourgeois taste.
According to this movement, art should be something radical, talks intelligence and it should be an object of mind and knowledge. It can be assumed a radical break. Its revolutionary. Its also the age of politics. For instance, in 1911 there was Chinese revolution, in 1917 there was Russian revolution and in 1923 there was Turkish revolution. From 1900 to 1930, modernizm in art started by Picasso, by cubizm and various artists in avant-gardeism.
Paris was still the heart of art but the heart of the Avant-Garde was Europe.

In Italy, there are Futurism (1919); in Russia, there are Suprematism (1915) and constructivism (1917); in Zurich and Paris, there are Dadaism and in Germany, there is Bauhaus (1919). I want to mention them all briefly.

Futurism is something extremely new. It gives us the spirit of future. Suprematism is an art movement focused on fundemental geometric forms which founded by Kasimir Malevich. Constructivism is a theory of knowledge that argues that humans generate knowledge and meaning from an interaction between their experiences and their ideas. Dadaism is a rejection o cubism and all types of art. It is the french word of hobby-horse. This movement also against bourgeoise taste, nationalism, war, reason and logic that conveyed to the war. İt contains collage, photomontage, assemblage and readymades. To sum up, aim of Dadaism is to destruct existing art styles. The founding father is Marcel Duchamp.


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